Assessing the impact of climate change on Ha Tu coal mine, Quang Ninh province

  • Affiliations:

    Hanoi University of Mining and Geology, Hanoi, Vietnam

  • *Corresponding:
    This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.
  • Received: 15th-Jan-2022
  • Revised: 29th-Apr-2022
  • Accepted: 29th-May-2022
  • Online: 30th-June-2022
Pages: 17 - 25
Views: 2559
Downloads: 2357
Rating: 5.0, Total rating: 235
Yours rating

Abstract:

Climate change has been affecting the socio-economic life of Quang Ninh province in general, and the coal mining activities of many companies, including Ha Tu Coal Joint Stock Company in particular. By the methods of collection, synthesis, statistics, field survey, and public consultation, this study has evaluated the climate condition of the study region and the impact of climate change on the coal mines in the past. The environmental incident of landslides caused by heavy rain in 2015 has filled rivers and streams and destroyed infrastructure. According to the scenario of climate change for Quang Ninh province by 2100 (B2), the regional temperature will increase by 2.50C, and the rainfall will increase by 7.3% compared to the period 1980÷1999. The study predicted the potential impacts of climate change on mining operations in the future such as the increased risk of landslides, floods, geological hazards, the drawdown of groundwater levels, and subsidence of the ground surface at the mining site. By the forecast results, the larger the mining depth is, the higher the radius affected by the lowering of the groundwater level will become, which can be up to 2.4 km compared to the mining area. In addition, the increase in temperature will be one of the factors that cause difficulties for production activities, affect the health of workers, slow down the process of reclamation and restoration of the mine environment, and increase electricity and water costs, etc. The study also proposed several technical and management solutions to reduce the risk and respond to environmental incidents before the impact of climate change on the Ha Tu coal mine towards sustainable development.

How to Cite
Tran, T.Thanh Thi, Pham, H.Khanh and Nguyen, H.Mai 2022. Assessing the impact of climate change on Ha Tu coal mine, Quang Ninh province. Journal of Mining and Earth Sciences. 63, 3 (Jun, 2022), 17-25. DOI:https://doi.org/10.46326/JMES.2022.63(3).03.
References

General Statistics Office, (2020). Quang Ninh province statistical Yearbook. Statistical publishing house. Hanoi.

Ha Tu Coal Mine Joint Stock Company, (2020). Report on Assessment the Impact of Environmental for Project "Open-pit mining in Bac Bang Danh area at Ha Tu, Ha Khanh, Ha Phong wards, Ha Long city, Quang Ninh province. 383 pages.

Ha Tu Coal Mine Joint Stock Company, (2021). Report on annual cost of Environmental.

Hong, H., (2014). Actively responds to climate change. Vietnam National Coal-Mineral Industries Holding Corporation Limited, Hanoi.

Ministry of Natural Resources and Environment, (2016). Vietnam climate change scenarios. Vietnam Publishing house of Natural resources, Environment and Cartography. Hanoi, 188 pages.

Nguyen, T.H., (2016). The environmental protection solutions in coal mine of Quang Ninh province in the period 2016 – 2020. VietNam Environment administration magazine 10, 16-18.

Odell, S.D., Bebbington, A. and Frey, K.E., (2018). Mining and Climate change: A review and framework for analysis. The Extractive Industries and Society 5, 201–204.

Vu, P.C., (2021). Vietnam National Coal - Mineral Industries Holding Corporation Limited (Vinacomin): Many solutions for environmental treatment. VietNam Journal of Construction 2, 12-14.

Vinacomin, (2020). Summary Report on environmental protection from the Group's establishment to the present and future tasks (Vietnam National Coal - Mineral Industries Holding Corporation Limited). 88 pages.

Vinacomin, (2021). Annual report on coal production and trading of companies in Vinacomin (Vietnam National Coal - Mineral Industries Holding Corporation Limited).

Yun-jia, W., Da-chao, Z., Da-jun, L., Yong-feng, L., and Xing-feng, W., (2009). Environment cumulative effects of coal exploitation and its assessment. Procedia Earth and Planetary Science 1(1), 1072–1080.