Selecting a suitable model for the closure of building material stone mines for sustainable development in Binh Duong, Vietnam
1 Binh Duong Department of Industry and Trade, Vietnam
2 Hanoi University of Mining and Geology, Hanoi, Vietnam
3 Innovations for Sustainable and Responsible Mining (ISRM) Group, Hanoi, Vietnam
4 Institute of Mining Science and Technology (IMSAT), Hanoi, Vietnam
- Received: 27th-Mar-2023
- Revised: 29th-July-2023
- Accepted: 25th-Aug-2023
- Online: 31st-Aug-2023
- Section: Mining Engineering
The closure and environmental restoration of quarry sites for construction material extraction in Vietnam in general and in Binh Duong province in particular still face various challenges that have not brought significant and sustainable development opportunities. The study aims to select a suitable model for the closure of building material stone mines to contribute to sustainable development in Binh Duong. Based on the survey of economic-social characteristics, environmental safety, and development policies of the construction material quarrying area in Binh Duong province, this study applied SMART methods to determine specific objectives as a basis for constructing measurable, achievable, relevant, and time-bound criteria for evaluating quarry closure options. The simple additive weighting method was employed to calculate the value of each option, which was optimized through the analytic hierarchy process for clear criteria or the fuzzy analytic hierarchy process method for dealing with uncertain or ambiguous criteria, to determine the reasonable option for mine closure. For criteria that was ambiguous or unclear, the fuzzy analytic hierarchy process was employed to establish reasonable options for quarry closure. Synthesizing the research results for two closure options after extraction for a typical quarrying area in Binh Duong, the study selected a viable option that effectively utilized land resources, created new residential areas for the local population, and utilized the quarry pit for solar energy extraction, which is a clean energy source that brings economic and social benefits to the region. This approach could serve as a valuable reference for mine closure decision-making processes in Vietnam and other countries facing similar challenges in sustainable development.
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