Rainfall-Runoff and Inundation of Ma River Basin Under Global Warming

  • Affiliations:

    1 Hanoi University of Mining and Geology, Vietnam 2 Vietnam National University of Agriculture, Vietnam

  • *Corresponding:
    This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.
  • Received: 15th-Aug-2019
  • Revised: 16th-Oct-2019
  • Accepted: 30th-Dec-2019
  • Online: 30th-Dec-2019
Pages: 13 - 22
Views: 1999
Downloads: 913
Rating: 5.0, Total rating: 90
Yours rating


Vietnam has been considered as one of the most vulnerable countries in the world under global warming. The Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) estimated the increasing trend in the total annual rainfall in Vietnam in the mid-21st century, where 70% of the amount of rainfall will be delivered by the summer monsoon. The most problematic rainfall-related disasters in the northern mountainous regions in Vietnam, floods and inundations, are also expected to become even more severe in the coming future. In recent years, the Ma river basin has been undergoing the noticeably increasing trend of flood disasters. Since Ma River basin plays an important role in the development of the vast Lai Chau - Son La - Thanh Hoa economic regions, establishing the solid understanding of the current and future hydro-meteorological characteristics of the Ma watershed is very important to prepare the countermeasure for the coming severe variation in rainfall intensity and frequency. In this research, the rainfall-runoff and inundation characteristics of the Ma watershed have been investigated associated with the corresponded climate conditions of the present (2000-2009) and future (2060-2069). The Rainfall-Runoff and Inundation (RRI) model were used for the simulation of watershed hydrological characteristics. The essential future precipitation inputs for RRI were achieved by using the Weather Research and Forecasting (WRF) model nested inside GFDL-CM3, and MIROC-5 models. The results of this study suggest the severe flood and inundation condition of Ma watershed in the mid-21st century.

How to Cite
Tran, Q.Anh, Nguyen, N.Hong Thi, Tran, H.Thu Thi, Do, H.Thi and Tran, H.Kim Thi 2019. Rainfall-Runoff and Inundation of Ma River Basin Under Global Warming. Journal of Mining and Earth Sciences. 60, 6 (Dec, 2019), 13-22. .

Griffies, S.M., et al., 2011. The GFDL CM3 Coupled Climate Model: Characteristics of the Ocean and Sea Ice Simulations. Journal of Climate. 24(13): p. 3520-3544.

IPCC, Climate Change 2013: The Physical Science Basis. Contribution of Working Group I to the Fifth Assessment Report of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change. Cambridge, United Kingdom and New York, NY, USA: Cambridge University Press. 1535, 2013.

MONRE, 2012. Climate change, sea-level rise scenarios for Vietnam. Ministry of Natural Resources and Environment. Vietnam.

National Centers for Environmental Prediction/National Weather Service/NOAA/U.S. Department of Commerce, 2000. NCEP FNL Operational Model Global Tropospheric Analyses, Continuing from July 1999. Accessed 12. June. 2014 http://dx.doi.org/10.5065/D6M043C6.

Reynolds, R.W., Smith, T.M., Liu, C., Chelton, D.B., Casey, K.S., Schlax, M.G., 2007. Daily high-resolution-blended analyses for sea surface temperature. J. Clim. 20 (22), 5473–5496, http://dx.doi.org/10.1175/2007JCLI1824.1.

Sayama, T., et al., 2012. Rainfall–runoff–inundation analysis of the 2010 Pakistan flood in the Kabul River basin. Hydrological Sciences Journal. 57(2): p. 298-312.

Skamarock, W.C., Klemp, J.B., Dudhia, J., Gill, D.O., Barker, D.M., Huang, X.Y., and W. Wang, Powers, J.G, 2009. A Description of the Advanced Research WRF Version 3. Technical Note. NCAR/TN-475 + STR.

Taniguchi, K., 2016. Future changes in precipitation and water resources for Kanto Region in Japan after application of pseudo global warming method and dynamical downscaling. Journal of Hydrology: Regional Studies. 8: p. 287-303.

Thuc, T, et al., 2017. Estimating Sea Level Rise for Vietnam East Sea. Environmental Science: Climatology. 1(1):p. 73-77.

Tran Anh, Q. and K. Taniguchi, 2018. Rainfall runoff and inundation in Cau-Thuong-Luc Nam watershed in Vietnam under global warming, /Journal of Japan Society of Civil Engineers, Ser. B1 (Hydraulic Engineering), Vol. 74, No. 4, pp.I_163-168, 2018, 04

Tran Anh, Q. and K. Taniguchi, 2014. Variations of precipitation and water resources in the Northern part of Vietnam under climate change. Journal of Japan Society of Civil Engineers, Ser. B1 (Hydraulic Engineering). 70(4): p. I_211-I_216.

Watanabe, M., et al., 2010. Improved Climate Simulation by MIROC5: Mean States, Variability, and Climate Sensitivity. Journal of Climate. 23(23): p. 6312-6335.

Other articles