Hazard identification and risk assessment for occupational safety and health in the limestone quarries transportation

  • Affiliations:

    1 Hanoi University of Mining and Geology, Hanoi, Vietnam
    2 Innovations for Sustainable and Responsible Mining (ISRM), Hanoi, Vietnam
    3 Vietnam National Institute of Occupational Safety and Health, Hanoi, Vietnam

  • *Corresponding:
    This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.
  • Received: 7th-Dec-2022
  • Revised: 12th-Mar-2023
  • Accepted: 4th-Apr-2023
  • Online: 30th-Apr-2023
Pages: 68 - 78
Views: 959
Downloads: 10
Rating: , Total rating: 0
Yours rating

Abstract:

In quarries for building material, the primary transportation mode is by truck due to its high mobility that is suitable for the actual terrain conditions of the mine. The characteristic of transportation work in these mines is the large amount of cargo transportation, steep slopes, small turning radius, and therefore always potential hazards and risks for workers at the mine. The article presents a method for evaluating the points to identify and assess the level of occupational safety and health risks in transportation activities in quarries for building material, based on which control solutions are proposed to ensure safety and occupational health during the production and business process of construction material mines. From identifying and evaluating the level of risks, they are quantified into risk levels to assess the potential loss of occupational safety at each specific stage of the transportation process in the mine. This is a quantitative method that allows for the easy evaluation of occupational safety and health risk levels through quantifiable values obtained by expert scoring and surveys of worker opinions at the production site. This evaluation is based on separate assessments of factors such as estimating the consequences of injury to workers, the frequency of occupational accidents, and the ability to recognize occupational hazards. Through this assessment, a classification table is proposed for workers to understand and implement occupational safety and health procedures correctly, avoiding occupational accidents and unnecessary occupational diseases.

How to Cite
., H.Ngoc Do, , ., ., H.Quang Tran, Nguyen, A.Dinh, , . and Nguyen, T.Anh 2023. Hazard identification and risk assessment for occupational safety and health in the limestone quarries transportation (in Vietnamese). Journal of Mining and Earth Sciences. 64, 2 (Apr, 2023), 68-78. DOI:https://doi.org/10.46326/JMES.2023.64(2).07.
References

Bui, X. N. (2014). Occupational safety and health in the mining industry. Natural Science and Technology Publishing House, Hanoi.

Dinh X. N. (2005). Assessment of dust pollution and respiratory disease manifestations of workers exposed to dust at some private construction stone production facilities in Ha Nam province, Summary report Subject, Institute of Occupational Medicine and Environmental Hygiene, Hanoi.

Do N. H., Le T. T. H., Nguyen A. T., Nguyen D. A., Tran Q. H., Pham V. V., Le Q. T., Phonepaserth S. (2023). Building procedures for hazard identification and operation safety risk assessment in small power construction stone material activities. Earth Science and natural resources for sustainable development (ERS), Hanoi, Vietnam.

Do T. H., Pham Q. Q. (2017). Methods of classifying the quality of occupational hygiene and environment and occupational health risks caused by factors of the working environment, Journal of Labor Protection, N1and2/2017.

Fomin S. I., Tran D. B., Do N. H. (2019). Determining the parameters of safety berms for the mining conditions of open pit mines in Vietnam, Mining Information and Analytical Bulletin, ISBN: 0236-1493, DOI: 10.25018/ 0236-1493- 2018-1-0-166-174, Russia.

Government Electronic Newspaper (2011). Rock collapse in Ha Tinh: Prosecution of quarry collapse in Nghe An. https://baochinhphu.vn/ khoi-to-vu-sap-mo-da-tai-nghe-an-10269864. Html.

Hermanus M. A. (2007). Occupational health and safety in mining - Status, new developments and concerns, The Journal of the Southern African Institute of Mining and Metalurgy, V 107, pp 531-538.

Ho S. G. (2009). Exploiting solid minerals by opencast method. Science and Technology Publishing House, Hanoi.

Masataka I. (2011). Current status of risk assessment on occupational safety and health in Japan, International Workshop on Risk Assessment, 25- 27 January in Japan, Tokyo, Japan.

Ministry of Construction - MC (2007). Quarry landslide kills many people at Ban Ve Hydropower Plant. https://moc.gov.vn/vn/ tin-tuc/1173/2166/sat-lo-mo-da-lam-thiet- mang-nhieu-nguoi-tai-cong-truong-thuy-dien- ban-ve--thu-tuong-chinh-phu-tham-hoi-va- chia-buon-toi-gia-dinh-cac-nan-nhan.aspx.

Ministry of Labor, War Invalids and Social Affairs - MLWISA (2014, 2015, 2016, 2017, 2018, 2019, 2020, 2021, 2023). Announcement on annual occupational accidents, Final report on the topic, Hanoi.

Nguyen A. T. (2020). Research on solutions to reduce the risk of occupational safety and health in quarries in the North Central region, PhD thesis in Engineering.

Nguyen T. L. (2019). Research and assessment of occupational safety and health risks and propose the application of an appropriate management system in stone mining and processing establishments. Project Key Program 2018/02/ TLD, Institute of Occupational Safety and Health.

People's Public Security Newspaper - PPSN (2007). Rocky mountain collapse in Ha Tinh: 8 people died and were injured. https:// cand.com.vn/Xa-hoi/Sap-nui-da-tai-Ha-Tinh-8-nguoi-chet-va-bi-thuong-i120823/.

Wanjiku M. W. (2015). Occupational health and safety hazarads associated with quarrying activities; a case of Mutonga quarry, Meru county, Kenea, Thesis for master degree at Jumo Kenyatta University of Agriculture and Technology, Kenea.