Monitoring tram rail transport in underground coal mines using terrestrial laser scanning

  • Affiliations:

    1 Hanoi University of Mining and Geology, Hanoi, Vietnam
    2 Topcon Singapore Positioning Pte. Ltd
    3 University of Transport and Communications, Hanoi, Vietnam

  • *Corresponding:
    nguyenquoclong @humg.edu.vn
  • Received: 12th-Jan-2023
  • Revised: 14th-Apr-2023
  • Accepted: 26th-Apr-2023
  • Online: 30th-Apr-2023
Pages: 91 - 100
Views: 1057
Downloads: 13
Rating: , Total rating: 0
Yours rating

Abstract:

Tram rail transport is one of the important transport systems in underground coal mines. The stability of the tramway system in a mine is influenced by many factors, such as geological and mining conditions. In order to evaluate the stability of tramway tracks in underground coal mines, monitoring activities are carried out periodically. This activity is to provide accurate data on the current status of the rail system, early detection of displacement and deformation of the system. This paper presents the results of monitoring tram tracks in underground coal mines by the terrestrial laser scanning technology (TLS). The objective of the study are to evaluate the capacity of TLS in monitoring tram tracks in underground coal mines, and to propose a workflow for this activity. The experiment was held at the tramway in the main transport tunnel at the level of -350 m in the Nui Beo underground coal mine. A procedure was proposed, including the planning, collecting data in the field, data processing, and analyzing data. The surveing equipment was used, including: (1) a Topcon GLS 2,000 scanner for the TLS survey, (2) Digital leveling for measuring the elevation of the rails, (3) a tape for measuring the distance between the rails. The measurement of the distance between two railway lines were performed on the TLS point cloud. The comparison between TLS and the tape showed that the maximum difference was less than 3 mm and met the requirements of the monitoring of tram tracks in underground coal mines.

How to Cite
Pham, C.Van, Le, C.Van, Nguyen, L.Quoc, Le, H.Thu Thi, Nguyen, A.Tuan, Nguyen, H.Van and Nguyen, H.Viet 2023. Monitoring tram rail transport in underground coal mines using terrestrial laser scanning (in Vietnamese). Journal of Mining and Earth Sciences. 64, 2 (Apr, 2023), 91-100. DOI:https://doi.org/10.46326/JMES.2023.64(2).09.
References

Bazarnik, M., (2018). Slope stability monitoring in open pit mines using 3D terrestrial laser scanning. E3S Web Conf., 66, 01020.  Retrieved from https://doi.org/10.1051/e3sconf/20186601020

Bộ Công Thương, (2011). Quy chuẩn kỹ thuật quốc gia về an toàn trong khai thác than hầm lò.

Kovanič, L., and Blišťan, P., (2014). Quarry Wall Stability Assessment Using TLS Method. Advanced Materials Research, 1044-1045, 603-606. doi:10.4028/www.scientific.net/AMR.1044-1045.603

Mohammadi, M., Rashidi, M., Mousavi, V., Karami, A., Yu, Y., and Samali, B., (2021). Quality Evaluation of Digital Twins Generated Based on UAV Photogrammetry and TLS: Bridge Case Study. Remote Sensing, 13(17), 3499.  Retrieved from https://www.mdpi.com/2072-4292/13/17/3499

Nguyễn, V. N., and Võ, N. D., (2016). Nghiên cứu khả năng ứng dụng máy quét laser 3D mặt đất trong quản lý xây dựng ‐ khai thác mỏ hầm lò. Tạp chí Khoa học Kỹ thuật Mỏ ‐ Địa chất, 57(8).

Nguyễn, V. N., Vũ, Q. L., Nguyễn, Q. L., Phạm, T. L., Phạm, V. C., and Nguyễn, T. T. H., (2019). Quét laser mặt đất – công nghệ địa không gian trong công nghiệp khoáng sản. Nhà xuất bản Khoa học tự nhiên và Công nghệ, Hà Nội.

Nguyenkimjsc., (2022). Máy thủy chuẩn điện tử Trimble DINI 03.  

Pham, T. D., Pham, Q. K., Cao, X. C., Nguyen, V. H., and Ngo, S. C., (2021). The capability of terrestrial laser scanning for monitoring the displacement of high-rise buildings. Test, 1(2). doi:10.29227/IM-2021-02-47

Rashidi, M., Mohammadi, M., Sadeghlou Kivi, S., Abdolvand, M. M., Truong-Hong, L., and Samali, B. (2020). A Decade of Modern Bridge Monitoring Using Terrestrial Laser Scanning: Review and Future Directions. Remote Sensing, 12(22), 3796.  Retrieved from https://www.mdpi.com/2072-4292/12/22/3796

SISC. (2020). http://www.sisc.com.vn/.  

Topcon Victory, (2022). Thiết bị Laser Scan GLS-2200 Hãng Topcon-Nhật Bản. https://topconvn.com/. 

Võ, C. M., (2016). Trắc địa mỏ. Việt Nam: NXB Khoa học Tự nhiên và Công nghệ.

Wang, W., Zhao, W., Huang, L., Vimarlund, V., and Wang, Z., (2014). Applications of terrestrial laser scanning for tunnels: a review. Journal of Traffic and Transportation Engineering (English Edition), 1(5), 325-337. doi:https://doi.org/10.1016/S2095-7564(15)30279-8

Xie, L., Yan, E., Wang, J., Lu, G., and Yu, G., (2018). Study on evolutionary characteristics of toppling deformation of reverse-dip layered rock slope based on surface displacement monitoring data. Environmental earth sciences, 77(4), 1-8. doi:10.1007/s12665-018-7352-3.